Tuesday, May 28, 2013

1305.5718 (Zhi-zhong Xing et al.)

Majorana CP-violating phases in neutrino-antineutrino oscillations and
other lepton-number-violating processes

Zhi-zhong Xing, Ye-Ling Zhou
If the massive neutrinos are identified to be the Majorana particles via a convincing measurement of the neutrinoless double beta (0\nu\beta\beta) decay, how to determine the Majorana CP-violating phases in the 3 x 3 lepton flavor mixing matrix U will become a desirable experimental question. The answer to this question is to explore all the possible lepton-number-violating (LNV) processes in which the Majorana phases really matter. In this paper we carry out a systematic study of CP violation in neutrino-antineutrino oscillations, whose CP-conserving parts involve six independent 0\nu\beta\beta-like mass terms _{\alpha\beta} and CP-violating parts are associated with nine independent Jarlskog-like parameters V^{ij}_{\alpha\beta} (for \alpha, \beta = e, \mu, \tau and i, j = 1, 2,3). With the help of current neutrino oscillation data, we analyze the sensitivities of |_{\alpha\beta}| and V^{ij}_{\alpha\beta} to the three CP-violating phases of U, and illustrate the salient features of six independent CP-violating asymmetries between \nu_\alpha \to \bar{\nu}_\beta and \bar{\nu}_\alpha \to \nu_\beta oscillations. As a by-product, the effects of the CP-violating phases on the LNV decays of doubly- and singly-charged Higgs bosons are reexamined by taking account of the unsuppressed value of \theta_{13}. Such CP-conserving LNV processes can be complementary to the possible measurements of neutrino-antineutrino oscillations in the distant future.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1305.5718

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