Tuesday, July 30, 2013

1307.7225 (Elena Kokoulina On behalf of the SVD-2 Collaboration)

Evidence for a pion condensate formation in pp interactions at U-70    [PDF]

Elena Kokoulina On behalf of the SVD-2 Collaboration
A high multiplicity study (project Thermalization, experiment E-190) is carried out on U-70 accelerator at IHEP (Protvino, Russia). This project is aimed at searching for collective phenomena. It is known that pions are mainly produced at the 50 GeV-proton beam accelerator. Their mean energy decreases while multiplicity increasing. Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) can be formed in this system. The theoretical and experimental studies of BEC have been performed since 70es. Within the framework of an ideal pion gas model M. Gorenstein and V. Begun have shown that sharp growth of fluctuations of the neutral pion number will be a signal of BEC formation with the increase of the total multiplicity (neutral and charged particle sum). SVD-2 Collaboration (JINR, IHEP and SINP MSU) investigated fluctuations of the neutral pion number in pp interactions at 50 GeV/c incident beam on U-70 versus the total multiplicity and has revealed noticeable growth of the scaled variance with the total multiplicity increase. The growth of these fluctuations reaches more than 7 standard deviations for the scaled variance at the total multiplicity about 30 pions as opposed to the tendency for the simulated events. This growth has been observed both in the registered photons and restored neutral pions.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.7225

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