Friday, July 12, 2013

1307.3237 (ALICE Collaboration)

Long-range angular correlations of pi, K and p in p--Pb collisions at
sqrt(s_NN) = 5.02 TeV

ALICE Collaboration
Angular correlations between unidentified charged trigger particles and various species of charged associated particles (unidentified particles, pions, kaons, protons and antiprotons) are measured by the ALICE detector in p-Pb collisions at a nucleon--nucleon centre-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV in the transverse-momentum range 0.3 < p_T < 4 GeV/c. The correlations expressed as associated yield per trigger particle are obtained in the pseudorapidity range |eta_lab|<0.8. Fourier coefficients are extracted from the long-range correlations projected onto the azimuthal angle difference and studied as a function of $\pt$ and in intervals of event multiplicity. In high-multiplicity events, the second-order coefficient for protons, v_2^p, is observed to be smaller than that for pions, v_2^pi, up to about p_T = 2 GeV/c. To reduce correlations due to jets, the per-trigger yield measured in low-multiplicity events is subtracted from that in high-multiplicity events. A two-ridge structure is obtained for all particle species. The Fourier decomposition of this structure shows that the second-order coefficients for pions and kaons are similar. The v_2^p is found to be smaller at low p_T and larger at higher p_T than v_2^pi, with a crossing occurring at about 2 GeV. This is qualitatively similar to the elliptic-flow pattern observed in heavy-ion collisions. A mass ordering effect at low transverse momenta is consistent with expectations from hydrodynamic model calculations assuming a collectively expanding system.
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