Tuesday, May 21, 2013

1305.4507 (Anindya Datta et al.)

Boundary Localized Terms in Universal Extra-Dimensional Models through a
Dark Matter perspective

Anindya Datta, Ujjal Kumar Dey, Amitava Raychaudhuri, Avirup Shaw
In universal extra dimension (UED) models with one compactified extra dimension, a Z_2 symmetry, termed KK-parity, ensures the stability of the lightest Kaluza-Klein particle (LKP). This symmetry leads to two fixed points. In non-minimal versions of UED boundary-localised terms (BLT) for different fields are included at these fixed points and KK-parity may be violated. However, BLTs with same strength at both points induce a new Z_2 symmetry which restores the stability of the LKP. We show that the BLTs serve to relax the bounds set on the compactification scale in UED by the dark matter relic density requirement. At the same time, the precision of the dark matter measurements severely correlates the BLT parameters of gauge bosons and fermions. Depending on the parameter values, the LKP can be chosen to be the level-1 photon, which is essentially the B^(1), or the level-1 Z-boson, basically the W_3^(1). We find that in the latter case the relic density is too small for a W_3^(1) with a \sim 1 TeV mass. We also explore the prospects of direct detection of an LKP which matches the observed dark matter relic density.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1305.4507

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